Rachel B. Griffis - Plagiarism as the Language of Ownership: Aligning Academic Liturgy with Christian Virtue

Policies regarding plagiarism and academic integrity are among the most common liturgies
in American higher education, yet Christian teachers and scholars have given minimal
attention to the ways such liturgies shape students’ assumptions about the ownership of
words and ideas. While analyzing handbooks, honor codes, and academic policies, Rachel
B. Griffis considers concepts of plagiarism alongside Christian perspectives on language
and the pursuit of knowledge. She argues that individualistic and consumeristic ideologies
undergird current understandings of plagiarism and therefore detract from the efforts of
institutions seeking to form students morally. Dr. Griffis is Assistant Professor of English
and Director for the Integration of Faith and Learning at Sterling College.


Michael McGowan - Cast Your Nets to the Right Side: Faith, Virtue, and the Morality of Food Choices

In this paper, I examine the relationship between evangelical Christian faith and the morality
of food choices. I explore the extent to which non-human animals deserve moral consideration.
I outline three models of moral status that philosophers have debated for the past
four decades: (a) the viewpoint that animals lack any moral status and therefore deserve
no moral consideration, (b) the viewpoint that animals deserve equal moral consideration
as do humans, and finally (c), the sliding-scale model, according to which animals deserve
moral consideration commensurate with their cognitive and/or emotional complexity and
sophistication (i.e., their degree of sentience). I argue for the third perspective, and use it to
suggest context-relevant, theologically-informed, and morally sound reasons for minimizing
the suffering of animals higher on the sliding scale while taking seriously the growing global
needs for food. In short, I conclude with an argument for pescatarianism. Michael McGowan,
Ph.D., is Professor of Philosophy and Religion at Florida Southwestern State College.


Bethany Williamson - Reading to Listen and Writing to Speak: A Pedagogical Challenge for the Selfie Age

This essay examines the intersecting pedagogical and theological stakes of conflating our
practices of reading and writing. With attention to ongoing “turf wars” within English
departments, as well as to broader university trends toward prioritizing ROI, assessable
artifacts, and marketable skills, it argues that we should de-couple reading and writing,
recognizing them as distinctive practices that achieve different ends. Moreover, it argues that,
as the balance has shifted toward prioritizing writing—which is primarily a mode of selfexpression—
we are at risk of losing the equally important skill of listening carefully to the
stories of others. Bethany Williamson is Associate Professor of English at Biola University.



Derek C. Schuurman - On Kuyper and Technology, or How a Voice From the Past Can Speak to our Digital Age

In this reflection, the author shares some insights he has found in Kuyper that can inform
his discipline of computer science and engineering. He begins with a critique of a speculative
idea Kuyper proposed about how the “greater things than these” referred to in John
14 might refer to technology. The reflection then presents five ideas from Kuyper’s writings
that exemplify how his work might be fruitfully applied to issues in modern technology.
These ideas include the impact of automation, the importance of a comprehensive life and
worldview, the notion of common grace, the assertion that there are no neutral spaces,
and finally the importance of a personal faith commitment (or palingenesis). The reflection
concludes with a reminder to avoid what C. S. Lewis called “chronological snobbery,” the
notion that all ideas from the past ought to be discarded in favor of the new. This reflection
illustrates how, like a prospector, we can sift and mine the resources from the Christian past,
in authors like Kuyper, to help inform our contemporary time, including in matters related
to modern technology. This reflection came out of a presentation given by the author at the
2018 Kuyper Conference held in Grand Rapids, MI, on May 1, 2018. Derek C. Schuurman
is Professor of Computer Science at Calvin University in Grand Rapids, MI where he currently
holds the William Spoelhof Teacher-Scholar-in-Residence chair.




Melissa Rovig Vanden Bout - The Color of Compromise—An Extended Review

Melissa Rovig Vanden Bout is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Trinity Christian College.


Timothy Hendrickson - The Adjunct Underclass—An Extended Review

Timothy Hendrickson is Assistant Professor of Literature and Languages and Co-Coordinator
of Adjunct Care at Trinity Christian College. Prior to assuming a full-time role in the
fall of 2018, Professor Hendrickson served Trinity in an adjunct capacity for seven years.



Mark A. Peters - Learning to Be More Human— A Review Essay

Mark A. Peters is professor of music and director of the Center for Teaching and the Good
Life at Trinity Christian College. He is president of the Society for Christian Scholarship in
Music and book review co-editor for Christian Scholar’s Review.